Git keygen Mac

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Git keygen Mac

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Установка Git и генерация SSH-ключей на Mac

Установка Git

Скачать последнюю версию Git со страницы проекта на Google Code (установка простая и не требует комментариев).

Конфигурация Git

Создание SSH-ключа

Самый простой способ — создать SSH-ключ через терминал.

В терминале переходим в домашний каталог пользователя:

Сгенерируем пары ключей:

Появится диалог с предложением ввести место хранения ключа, по умолчанию пользовательские SSH-ключи будут храниться в каталоге пользователя, поэтому можно просто продолжить (Return). Далее будет предложено ввести пароль, который будет необходимо вводить при новом SSH-соединении. Дважды вводим пароль или оставляем пустым.

Чтобы скопировать содержимое ключа в буфер обмена, вводим команду:

Для работы с удаленным репозиторием SSH-ключ необходимо добавить на Git-хостинг.

Краткое введение в Git и полезные ссылки можно найти в статье Изучение Git. С чего начать.

Комментарии (2):

Самое интересное как добавить ключь на git-хостинг? Что такое вообще git хостинг?

То, что скопировалось нужно добавить на Git-хостинг, например на bitbucket.org.

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  • Копирование материалов только при условии обратной ссылки!

    In this step-by-step Git Tutorial, we will go through how to install Git on a Mac machine, how to generate SSH keys and upload your public SSH key to your GitHub account for authorization.

    How to Install Git on Mac

    Open a terminal and type

    This will install Git on your system. To confirm the installation, type

    This will print the version of Git installed on your machine.

    How to generate SSH key for GitHub authorization

    1. Open a terminal
    2. Go to your home directory by typing cd

    /

  • Type the following command
    • This will prompt you to enter a filename to store the key
    • Just press enter to accept the default filename (/Users/you/.ssh/id_rsa)
    • Then it will ask you to create a passphrase. This is optional, either create a passphrase or press enter for no passphrase
  • When you press enter, two files will be created

      /.ssh/id_rsa.pub

  • Your public key is stored in the file ending with .pub, i.e.

    How to access and copy public SSH key

    In order to authenticate yourself and your device with GitHub, you need to upload your public SSH key which you generated above to your GitHub account.

    Copy public SSH key

    Open a terminal and type

    This will copy the contents of the id_rsa.pub file to your clipboard.

    How to upload your public SSH key to GitHub

    1. Once you have copied your public SSH key, login to your GitHub account and go to
    2. https://github.com/settings/profile
    3. On the left-hand side menu, you will see a link “SSH and GPG keys”
    4. Click on that link which will take you to a page where you can enter your public SSH key that you copied earlier.
    5. Click the button which says ‘New SSH key’
    6. Then enter a title name – can be anything, e.g. newMac
    7. Paste the public SSH key in the key textbox
    8. Click “Add SSH key”

    Test your GitHub authorization:

    1. Open a terminal and type
    2. It will ask you if you want to continue to connect, type yes
    3. If you created a passphrase when you were generating the public key, then it will ask you to enter it.
    4. Enter your passphrase and press enter.
    5. It will then start to clone the project to your directory.

    You are all now setup to use Git and GitHub.

    Generating Your SSH Public Key

    Many Git servers authenticate using SSH public keys. In order to provide a public key, each user in your system must generate one if they don’t already have one. This process is similar across all operating systems. First, you should check to make sure you don’t already have a key. By default, a user’s SSH keys are stored in that user’s

    /.ssh directory. You can easily check to see if you have a key already by going to that directory and listing the contents:

    You’re looking for a pair of files named something like id_dsa or id_rsa and a matching file with a .pub extension. The .pub file is your public key, and the other file is your private key. If you don’t have these files (or you don’t even have a .ssh directory), you can create them by running a program called ssh-keygen , which is provided with the SSH package on Linux/Mac systems and comes with Git for Windows:

    First it confirms where you want to save the key ( .ssh/id_rsa ), and then it asks twice for a passphrase, which you can leave empty if you don’t want to type a password when you use the key.

    Now, each user that does this has to send their public key to you or whoever is administrating the Git server (assuming you’re using an SSH server setup that requires public keys). All they have to do is copy the contents of the .pub file and email it. The public keys look something like this:

    For a more in-depth tutorial on creating an SSH key on multiple operating systems, see the GitHub guide on SSH keys at https://help.github.com/articles/generating-ssh-keys.

    Patches, suggestions, and comments are welcome.


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