Crack Of Symptoms

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Crack Of Symptoms

Crack addiction is extremely common for people to develop, even after they try crack cocaine for the first time. Crack causes a quick acting euphoria to develop throughout a user’s body and its effects are short-lived, which results in people smoking the drug more frequently in order to maintain their high.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, crack is processed cocaine that has been made into a rock crystal that can be smoked. In order for a person to sustain their high, people will have to take the drug repeatedly within a relatively short period of time.

Due to the continuing use of the drug, many people who use it develop an addiction to it, and crack addiction will result in a variety of problems to occur in a user’s life, inevitably affecting all areas of their life and well-being.

There are various signs of crack addiction that can be noticed and every person may display different signs in regards to their addiction. However there are five main crack addiction symptoms that are the most common for people to recognize in others.

Dilated Pupils and Red Eyes

Dilated pupils are an uncontrollable and easily noticeable sign of crack addiction. Crack is a nervous system stimulant and when a person uses the drug, even after the first use, their eye pupils will dilate and become larger. In addition, crack use can cause bloodshot eyes, and can cause a person’s eyes to become extremely irritable.

Depression is another uncontrollable side effect from crack abuse. When a person uses crack the drug causes their brain to increase its dopamine levels, and dopamine is the ‘feel good’ chemical in a person’s brain. Increased dopamine is what causes the high people get from using crack, however once the drug wears off, a user’s dopamine levels will be depleted, which will result in them feeling depressed and fatigued.

When smoked, crack makes a person feel confident and happy and can be extremely euphoric, however these intense good feelings come at a cost. The high from crack is short lived, and every time the drug wears off, a person will feel fatigued, sad, and sometimes irritable. These highs and lows of a person’s mood will be noticeable to others.

Increased Activity

When on crack, a person will be more active, and will have a difficult time sitting still. In addition, a person will most likely talk more and will move and speak quicker than they normally do.

Financial Loss

When a person is addicted to crack they will feel the uncontrollable need to continually use the drug. It is expensive for a person to maintain their crack use, and since they will continually need more and more of the drug, significant financial loss is common to occur with people addicted to crack.

A cracked tooth can result from chewing on hard foods, grinding your teeth at night, and can even occur naturally as you age. It’s a common condition and the leading cause of tooth loss in industrialized nations.

Teeth crack because of a variety of issues, including:

  • pressure from teeth grinding
  • fillings so large they weaken the integrity of the tooth
  • chewing or biting hard foods, such as ice, nuts, or hard candy
  • blows to the mouth, such as might happen with a car accident, sporting injury, fall, or even a fistfight
  • abrupt changes in temperature in the mouth — for instance, from eat something extremely hot and then trying to cool your mouth with ice water
  • age, with most teeth cracks occurring in people over 50

Cracks can appear as:

  • Craze lines. These are super-small cracks in the enamel (the strong outer covering) of teeth. They cause no pain and don’t require any treatment.
  • Fractured cusp. This kind of crack generally occurs around a dental filling. It usually doesn’t affect the pulp of the tooth (the soft center of the tooth where nerves, connective tissue, and blood vessels are) and as a result doesn’t cause much pain.
  • Cracks that extend into the gum line. A tooth that has a vertical crack that extends through it but hasn’t yet reached the gum line is generally savable. However, if the crack extends into the gum line, that tooth may need to be extracted. Prompt treatment offers the best chance of saving the tooth.
  • Split tooth. This is a tooth with a crack that travels from its surface to below the gum line. It can actually be separated into two segments. With such an extensive crack, it’s unlikely the entire tooth can be saved, but your dentist may be able to save a portion of it.
  • Vertical root fracture. This type of crack begins below the gum line and travels upward. It often doesn’t produce much in the way of symptoms, unless the tooth becomes infected. Chances are the tooth will have to be extracted.

Not every cracked tooth will produce symptoms. But when it does, common ones include:

  • pain when chewing or biting, especially when you release the bite
  • sensitivity to heat, cold, or sweetness
  • pain that comes and goes, but is rarely continuous
  • swelling of the gum around the affected tooth

X-rays don’t also reveal a cracked tooth, and not everyone has typical symptoms. To help diagnose a cracked tooth, your dentist will probably do the following:

  • Ask about your dental history, such as whether you chew on a lot of hard foods or grind your teeth.
  • Make a visual examination. Your doctor may need to use a magnifying lens to see tiny cracks.
  • Feel for the crack. Your dentist may run a dental explorer over and around the tooth to see if it “catches” on an edge.
  • Use a dental dye, which can make the crack stand out.
  • Probe your gums looking for inflammation. This technique is especially helpful in identifying vertical cracks, which can irritate gums.
  • X-ray your teeth. While this won’t necessarily reveal the crack, it can point out poor pulp health, which can indicate a crack is present.
  • Have you bite down on something. If you have a cracked tooth, you may feel pain when you release your bite.

Treatment depends on the size of the crack, where it’s located, your symptoms, and whether the crack extends into the gum line. Depending on those factors, your dentist may recommend one of the following:

In this procedure, your doctor uses a plastic resin to fill the crack, restoring its look and function.

A dental crown is a prosthetic device usually made of porcelain or ceramic. It fits over the damaged tooth or caps it.

To fit a crown, your dentist first shaves off some enamel from your tooth to make room for the crown in your mouth. They then make an impression of the tooth, pick out a color that matches your teeth, and send the impression off to a dental lab to make the crown.

This process may take a couple of weeks. When the crown returns, your dentist fits and cements it over your cracked tooth.

With advances in technology, some dentists can mill a porcelain crown right in the office and place it that day.

With proper care, a crown can last a lifetime.

When a crack is so extensive it extends into the pulp, your dentist, or a specialist such as an oral surgeon or endodontist, will recommend a root canal to remove damaged pulp and restore some integrity to the tooth. This procedure can prevent the tooth from becoming infected or weakening further.

When the structure of the tooth, and the nerves and roots that lie below it, are very damaged, removing the tooth maybe your only option.

No treatment

Many people have tiny, hairline cracks in the enamel of their teeth. If these cracks don’t affect appearance and don’t produce pain, your doctor may advise leaving them alone.

Perhaps the biggest complication of a cracked tooth is an infection that can spread to the bone and gums. Some symptoms of a dental infection (also known as a tooth abscess) include:

  • fever
  • pain when chewing
  • swollen gums
  • sensitivity to heat and cold
  • tender glands in the neck
  • bad breath

Your dentist may try to drain pus from the infection and then prescribe an antibiotic to kill the bacteria.

While you can’t treat a cracked tooth at home, you can try to prevent one.

Strong teeth are less likely to crack, so be sure to practice good dental hygiene. Brush twice a day, floss daily, and visit your dentist every six months for preventive care.

Avoid chewing on hard foods.

Always wear a mouth guard if you play contact sports, and use one while you sleep if you grind your teeth.

If you think you’ve cracked a tooth, rinse with warm water to clean your mouth and use a cold compress on the outside of your cheek to prevent swelling. Anti-inflammatory painkillers, like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB), can reduce swelling and pain. And make an appointment to see your dentist as soon as possible. Delaying treatment puts your mouth at even greater risk.

Cost will vary by how extensive the crack is and where you live in the country. Dental fees tend to be higher in big metropolitan areas.

In general, though, you can expect to pay the following:

  • $100–$1,000 for dental bonding, depending on the complexity.
  • $1,000–$1,500 per crown, depending on the material used to create the crown.
  • $500–$2,000 for root canal, depending on where the tooth is located.
  • $150–$250 for a tooth extraction.

A cracked tooth is a common experience for many. A variety of procedures are available to save the tooth and your appearance.

While a crack can be repaired, a cracked tooth will never be 100 percent healed, unlike a broken bone might be. But prompt treatment offers the best chance of saving your tooth and preventing infection and further damage. And while your mouth may be sore after the treatment, the pain should subside in a few days.

Good dental hygiene, avoiding hard foods, and wearing a mouth guard if you grind your teeth or play contact sports will go far in protecting your smile.

Crack cocaine is a potent drug that can cause addiction after only one hit. Thousands of people nationwide struggle with an addiction to this powerful drug.

Crack Cocaine Info
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Signs of Crack Abuse

Although the effects of crack cocaine are intense, people who are addicted to the drug may be good at hiding it.

People who are using crack usually exhibit overconfidence and hyperactivity.

Other signs of crack abuse to look for include:

  • Frequent disappearances (to get high)
  • Dilated pupils
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Restlessness
  • Increased breathing rate
  • Uncharacteristic irresponsibility
  • Cracked or blistered lips from smoking out of a hot pipe
  • Burns on fingers

The Alarming Availability of Crack

Considering how destructive the consequences of the drug are, the availability and widespread use of crack can be surprising.

Percentage of Students Reporting Easy Accessibility to Crack

According to a survey conducted in 2010, children as young as 13 have been exposed to the drug. In fact, 23 percent of eighth-graders, 32 percent of tenth-graders, and 45 percent of twelfth-graders reported that crack was “fairly easy” or “very easy” to obtain. Considering that one hit can spark a lifelong addiction, these numbers help illuminate the severity of the issue.

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The Dangers of Crack Cocaine

One of the greatest dangers of crack is its addictive potential. Crack forces a release of excess dopamine, the neurotransmitter that helps control the brain’s pleasure and reward centers. As early as the first time you smoke crack, your brain has already started rewiring itself because it finds the resulting “high” pleasurable.

Immediate Effects of Crack Abuse

Due in part to the unpredictability of the drug’s contents, the effects of smoking crack can vary from person to person. Crack’s effects are both physical and psychological, and the severity increases the more a person smokes. Some immediate side effects of crack abuse include:

  • Aggression
  • Restlessness
  • Anxiety
  • Nervousness or paranoia
  • Seizures
  • “Coke bugs,” or the hallucination that bugs are burrowing under a cocaine or crack user’s skin
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Potential death from respiratory failure

Long-term Effects of Crack Abuse

The long-term effects of abusing crack can be detrimental. Long-term crack abuse can cause damage to most of the body’s vital organs, such as the liver, kidneys and heart. Additionally, crack cocaine users are more susceptible to infections because the drug compromises the immune system. The dangers of long-term crack abuse include:

  • Depression
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Infertility
  • Paranoid behavior
  • Respiratory failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Death

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Recognizing a Crack Cocaine Addiction

Because of its potency and addictive quality, any amount of crack use should be cause for concern. Those addicted to crack put getting their fix above all else, including breaking the law. Knowing what to look for could save your life or the life of someone you care about. The symptoms of addiction as outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders includes ignoring responsibilities to use and doing more than initially intended.

Anyone exhibiting these symptoms may meet the clinical definition of crack cocaine addiction. If someone has four to five of the symptoms, their addiction is categorized as moderate. Anything more than six is considered a severe crack addiction. Learn more about diagnosing an addiction.

Questions about treatment?

Get confidential help 24/7. Call now for:

  • Access to top treatment centers
  • Caring, supportive guidance
  • Financial assistance options

(855) 826-4464

Intervention for a Crack Cocaine Problem

Once it has come to light that someone is addicted to crack, the next step is to get them help. However, when a person’s brain has been reprogrammed to compulsively abuse crack, it isn’t always easy to convince them to start treatment.

This is where an intervention can come in handy. Interventions are a good way to coax an addict into recovery.

When someone addicted to crack is surrounded by people who care, he or she is more likely to accept treatment.

Because people addicted to crack often exhibit violent or paranoid behavior, it may be beneficial to hire an intervention specialist. Learn more about staging an intervention.

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Withdrawal from Crack Cocaine, Treatment and Next Steps

Someone seeking treatment for a crack cocaine addiction will experience symptoms of withdrawal within the first few hours after their last dose. The brain’s dependence on crack causes these symptoms because it can no longer function normally without the drug.

The symptoms of crack withdrawal are predominantly psychological. Symptoms include fatigue, unusual sleep patterns and intense cravings.

Professional treatment can help addicts cope with the symptoms of withdrawal and make a successful, lasting recovery. Depending on the individual, treatment can range from outpatient therapy and support groups to an inpatient rehabilitation center. Treatment for crack addiction is a long road, but recovery is possible. Find out how you can beat the odds and take your life back.

  • Sources & Author — Last Edited: February 5, 2018
    • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2004). Overview of Findings from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Retrieved on December 28, 2013, from:
    • Center for a Drug Free World. (2006). Short- and Long-Term Side Effects of Smoking Crack. Retrieved on December 28, 2013, from:
    • Center for Substance Abuse Research. (2013). Crack Cocaine. Retrieved on December 28, 2013, from:
    • By AddictionCenter

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